Development of Township
At the beginning of the implementation of the Project, series of studies were made and reports from experts including environment clearance on the Environment Impact Assessment were obtained.With the objective of developing an eco-friendly green dotted New Township, it was designed to develop the area in different phases. The area was initially divided into three Action Areas and a Central Business District.
 
At present Action Areas have been re-aligned as follows:
Location Action Area-I Action Area-II Action Area-III CBD
Area in hectares 677 1310 783 183
Progress of infrastructure development Almost complete More than 50 % work completed Work in progress Work in progress
 
Besides the above noted Action Areas, a total area of around 135 hectares is earmarked for setting up Water Treatment Plant and Garbage Disposal Centre for the township.New Town Project is designed as a self sustained project with cross subsidy from HIG to LIG. Plot price for MIG is the break-even price of land including infrastructure. The plot price for LIG is subsidized and HIG is at higher price.

Projected Population: Total resident population 10 lacs and floating population 5 lacs

A. Self sustained project

This is the most striking approach of this project. West Bengal Government is implementing this project with direct control of all the activities through the fully owned Government Company (WB HIDCO Ltd) without any budgetary support/allocation from the State Government or Government of India. The Project is designed as a self sustained one with cross subsidy from Higher Income Group to Lower Income Group / Economically Weaker Section. The process of incremental development is adopted in phases. Initial investment for Land procurement and development of basic infrastructure like land filling etc. were started by obtaining advances from financial institutions. During the process of land procurement earmarking of the saleable plots are made. Advance payment against the allocation of land plot is received in the name of application money from the prospective allottees. Payment schedule of the plot price is so made that land will be developed with all infrastructure and repayment of advances obtained from the financial institutions will be completed. The approach is synchronization of all the activities like advances taken, time bound project work of land procurement, development of infrastructure, receiving of price of plot as per payment schedule, repayment of loans and delivery of developed plots to the end users. WBHIDCO Ltd is the master planner and executor of the whole project under the guidance of government.

B. Land Mobilization

This is also one of the most unique features of the Project. To streamline the procurement of land, Government of West Bengal had constituted a land procurement committee comprising the local representatives of existing recognized political parties and concerned Government officials. At the initial stage, to expedite procurement and to involve the local people, procurement of land was started through negotiation and was purchased directly from the local people. To ensure proper compensation, Land Procurement Committee, taking into consideration of sale price, farmers’ demand and ground reality, fixed up prices according to the market rates. Formal acquisition proposal by the Land Acquisition Collectors were expeditiously processed without any impediment. To mention at this stage about 80% lands have been procured in the project area of Action Area I, II & III (3087 hectares).

Land procurement: (As on 01.12.2012)

Total land to be procured in the project area: 3552 hectares i.e. 8777 acres
Land acquired so far: 6839.3171 acres
Land directly purchased 250 acres (around)
Total land procured 7089.7281 acres (around)
C. Development of Infrastructure

1) Land Development: Land filling & development of fishery

Earth required for filling up land was mainly obtained from nearby Bheries i.e. Fish Cultivation Tanks. The vast area under fisheries in the southern part of the proposed township have been silted over time and as a result fish cultivation/productivity in the area was reduced to a great extent. It was not possible for the Government to support excavation of such huge programme of de-siltation. This approach yields two way benefits: (i) filling up land by earth at a reduced cost vis-à-vis filling by dredged materials (silt) from fishery tank bed, and (ii) development of fisheries by excavation of silted earth from the fisheries. Around 2 crores 70 lakhs cubic meter have so far been excavated (out of 2.95 crores cubic meter required filling volume) leading to improvement of pisiculture and generation of employment involved in fishery activities.

Land area developed 2388 Ha

2) Water supply, sewerage & drainage

Water supply, sewerage & drainage works havae been entrusted to PHE Department of Govt. of West Bengal in order to minimize administrative expenses of manpower. Existing manpower of PHE Department has been utilized. In Action Area (AA) –I is almost complete In AA-II works are in advance stages of construction. Works in Action Area-III for storm drain and sewerage and pipe water line started only recently.
Status Report of Different Services now under execution by the PHE Dept (New Town Kolkata) as on 31.08.2012
Report of Physical Progress at Action Area - I as on 31.08.2012
Status of Different Services Related to Sewerage, Drainage & Water Supply of New Town Kolkata Project in Action Area - I as on 31.08.2012
Status of Different Services Related to Sewerage, Drainage &Water  Supply of New Town Kolkata Project in Action Area - II as on 31.08.2012
Status of Different Services Related to Sewerage, Drainage & Water Supply of New Town Kolkata Project in Action Area - III as on 31.08.2012
Physical Progress at Action Area - IIA,IIB,IIC,IID,IIE,IIF/G & CBD
Physical Progress at Action Area - IIIA,IIIB,IIIC,IIID,IIIE,IIIF & IIIG
Drawing of Different Hindrences for Construction of PHE Services at AA-I, AA-II & AA-III

Surface Water Scheme in New Town

Though initially, it is proposed to tap ground water source to supply water to dwelling units but as the long term solution, it is proposed to draw water of River Hooghly at Chitpur Lock gate through pipe line along Kestopur New Cut Canal to the Water Treatment Plant in New Town for ultimate supply of 100 MGD treated water. Development will be taken up in phases. Initially arrangement for supply of 20 MGD is taken up keeping in view the rate of population inflow into New Town. Works of Water Treatment Plant with ancillary items is already completed and waiting for the inflow of raw river water which is under process..

3) Roads and bridges:

Infrastructure already developed:

6-lane Bridge over Krisnpapur Canal
Major Arterial Road of 59 metre width and 10.75 Km long,
Bridge over Bagjola Canal on existing MAR alignment
2nd bridge over bagjola canal on North – South Corridor
Fly over on the MAR and VIP Road junction,
Bailey bridge over bagjola canal
Three small bridges over link canal.
Bridge over pass khal at Mission Bazar.
Fly over on MAR in Action Area –I

Work in progress:

One Fly over on Bagjola Canal, one fly over at 6th rotary and one fly over at Rajarhat Road crossing will be started very soon. One Arterial road in AA-II (north – south corridor) and one (east west Corridor) are under construction Internal roads in AA-I is almost. In AA-II 60 % work has been completed. In AA-III and CBD work has just started. Total lengh of road is 210.6 km AA-I - 65.04, AA-II - 79.08, AA-III- 56.99

Power Supply:

A joint venture company NEW TOWN ELECTRIC SUPPLY COMPANY, (NTESC) of WBSEB & WBHIDCO is entrusted with the arrangement of power supply and distribution of the same in the New Township. The work for supply of power by NTESC has already been taken up. 33kv/11kv Sub Station has already been constructed in AA-IA. It is proposed to construct 23 nos of 33/11 KVA Sub-Station in New Town area. Two No. of sub station have already been commissioned in AA-I. Construction of other two 33/11KV Sub Stations in AA-IB/IC & ID is in progress. In AA-II, 4 substations are to be constructed. Construction of two substations is in progress Work for 132 KV Sub Station in AA-I and for 220 KV Sub station in AA-III have been completed, WBSEB has taken up the construction work for overhead tower.

Street Lighting:

Street lighting on internal roads has been taken up by HIDCO directly. Energy management system has been adopted to minimize energy consumption resulting thereby directly saving electric poles as well as earn carbon credit of KYOTO PROTOCOL as in direct savings.
Present street lighting in 27 streets in AA-I have been energized.It is proposed to take up lighting of 80 no of streets further.

Prevention of Pollution of Beliaghata Circular Canal Work from Gaznabi Bridge to crossing point of EM by pass:

This work has been taken up by KMC with fund provided by KMDA and HIDCO on 50:50 basis. The present cost is Rs.6.38 Crores. This work is necessary to keep the Kestopur Canal System free of Pollution as this is going to be channel for flow of raw water upto the WTP in New Town.

Transport

To supplement and expedite public transport system 20 buses have been procured by HIDCO and started plying from New Town to other parts of Kolkata. In addition WBSTC is also running a number of routes connecting New Town with the Metropolis. Another 10 AC buses have been procured to connect New Town with CBD of Kolkata and Bidhannagar. Besides a bus terminus have been constructed where nearly 80 no of buses of Surface Transport are plying from New Town to different parts of Kolkata.

D. Allotment

Total allotment Individual and cooperatives land plots= 8422 HIG = 3970 MIG = 3663, LIG =789
Allotment of land taking into account bulk residential, commercial, IT and other non residential activities is 1516.862 acres
In New Town, LIG & MIG plots /flats comprise more than 60 % of the said allotment
Housing for Economically Weaker Section :( EWS): WBHIDCO has taken a policy for developing housing for the economically weaker section of the society at a subsidized rate. In the first phase (EWS-I scheme) 928 flats has been completed. Almost all flats have been distributed. In the second phase (EWS-II scheme), construction of 736 dwelling units for Economical Weaker Section has been completed and allotment made through lottery. At present construction of 2000 dwelling units have been taken up in AA-I. Tender is in the process of finalization.

E. Environment friendly township:

Large Open Space, greeneries and water bodies: 50 % of the project area is left open for roads, drains, greeneries, water bodies etc. Total recorded water bodies in New Town project area was around 109 hectares. We have already created 113 hectares of water bodies. Around 251 hectares of water bodies are planned to be created in New town.

F. Major Activities:(highlights)

*Solar Housing Complex by WEBREDA has been completed and inaugurated. Project on 1.76 acres land. Project cost Rs. 12 Crores. 25 individual dwelling units on 2.5 kattah of land each. Entire project will be run by solar energy but synchronization with conventional energy so that excess power may be transferred to conventional grid and shortfall if any may be obtained from conventional system.Housing for Economically Weaker Section :( EWS): WBHIDCO has taken a policy for developing housing for the economically weaker section of the society at a subsidized rate. In the first phase (EWS-I scheme) 928 flats has been completed. Almost all flats have been distributed. In the second phase (EWS-II scheme), construction of 736 dwelling units for Economical Weaker Section has been completed and allotment made through lottery.At present construction of 2000 dwelling units have been taken up in AA-I. Tender is in the process of finalization.
*Vocational training centre to be run by Technical Education Department on 2.5 Acres of land imparting training to facilitate self / wage employment on a large scale. HIDCO will supplement to the tune of Rupees twenty five crores in the form of land and construction of building upto 1st floor.
*Mass Housing Project: Scheme has been taken up to construct 20000 dwelling units for LIG and MIG people. In the first phase 5000 flats are taken up (3000 LIG and 2000 MIG). Work is going on. Already a good numbers of LIG flats have been handed over to the allottees.
*Housing for Economically Weaker section: (EWS): WBHIDCO has taken a policy for developing housing for the economically weaker section of the society at a subsidized rate. In the first phase (EWS-I Scheme) 928 flats has been completed. Almost all flats have been distributed. In the second phase (EWS-II Scheme), construction of 736 dwelling units for Economical Weaker Section has been completed and allotment made through lottery.
*Health Hub: A specific block has been earmarked for allotment to different organizations / institutes for establishing Health Units. Land has been allotted to Tata Cancer Research Institute who has successfully commenced their hospital set up. Land plots have been allotted to Chitta Ranjan National Cancer Institute, to Ohio Cardiological Societies Inc. USA, for establishing and running of a Super Specialty Cardiac Hospital, to Shankara Nethralaya, Kolkata, for establishing its Campus having the biggest Ophthalmic facility in North-East India.
*Welfare activities in New Town: The town is being developed mainly on the acquired land. Unlike other Town ship WBHIDCO Ltd. has taken a series of welfare activities for the displaced families and land loser families. It includes allotment of homestead land plot for erstwhile dwellers under rehabilitation package, allotment of commercial stalls in retail markets, skill development training to the land loser families in different urban trade and commercial activities.
*Neighborhood Development: With the development of New Town, it is felt necessary to develop the neighbourhood areas to minimize the gap between the New town and neighborhood villages. A good number of schemes for development of infrastructures have been executed in the neighbourhood area. It covers the areas of Rajarhat-Gopalpur Municipality, Rajarhat Panchayat Samiti, parts of South Dum Dum and Bidhannagar Municipalities of north 24-Parganas District and Bhangar-II Panchayat Samiti of South 24-Parganas District.

G. Welfare activities in New Town:

Unlike other township, WBHHIDCO Ltd entrusted with the development of New town has taken a series of welfare activities and neighbourhood development to keep parity with the infrastructure being developed in the adjacent areas
(a)Rehabilitation and Resettlement program: (i) Resettlement package for those who owned land and got compensation for acquisition of land including structure. Beneficiaries identified 682 A committee led by Mr. D. Bandyopadhyay, IAS (Retd.) was set by the State Government to fix up modalities for resettlement and rehabilitation of beneficiaries whose dwelling units were taken in New Town Project. Keeping in view the recommendation dwelling units are provided at a highly subsidized rate. Besides, the land losers who intend to take land in place of dwelling unit are being provided with land at a highly subsidized rate ( on cost of land). Resettled 220.The rest will be resettled when infrastructure work on their land will start
(ii) Resettlement of refugees occupied land in the project area: Beneficiaries indentified so far: 683 A good number of refugees had sporadically occupied different places on the bank of Bagjola Khal. They were removed to Nandannager under IYSH program in the interest of renovation of Bagjola Khal. Some other squatters were also settled on near Bagjola Canal and in other Mouzas. Subsequently, the areas have fallen under the project. This is the first time those refugees/squatters are permanently settled at Jatragachhi with documents of land and basic civic amenities like roads, drains, toilets, drinking water facilities, provision for primary school, ICDS Centers and other infrastructure facilities by West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd. free of cost Resettled so far 669
(b)Program for employment generation and training:
Employment Generation in the neighbourhood area: It is the policy of the Govt. of West Bengal to involve the landlosers in the mainstream of activities of New Town. No of Landlosers cooperatives organinsed 56 involving 2965 members Employment opportunity
· No. of Cooperative Societies organized and registered 56
· No of land losers involved 2965
· No of Self Help Groups formed 70
· No of persons involved in SHG 881
· No of trades involved in SHG Group 11 Jobs procured from HIDCO, Govt. & and other
· Land Losers Cooperative Societies (2965members) Rs.16.87 Crores
· Other local groups of Rajarhat (5048 members) Rs. 28.08 Crores
· Self Help group procured job Rs.47.75 lacs
· No of individual land losers involved in self-employment 335
· Average income of individual per month Rs3000/- to 15000/-pm
· No of individual land losers on wage employment Rs.5000/-(part time) 169 Training Program:
Total no of losers identified so far 3981
No of losers trained so far in different trades 3489
No of trades on which training imparted 42
(c)Reservation: 3-5% plots /flats constructed by HIDCO are reserved for landlosers
(d)Neighbourhood Development:
With the development of New Town, it is felt necessary to develop the neighbourhood areas to minimize the gap between the Newtown and neighborhood villages. To supervise & monitor the schemes to be implement in the neighborhood areas and to coordinate with other development departments for implement of schemes in those areas a Neighbourhood Development Committee has been constituted by the State Govt. A good number of schemes have been executed in the neighbourhood area. It covers the areas of Rajarhat-Gopalpur Municipality, Rajarhat Panchayat Samiti, parts of South Dum Dum and Bidhannagar Municipalities of North 24-Parganas District and Bhangar-II Panchayat Samiti of South 24-Parganas District.

The schemes, among others comprise improvement of roads, drains, culverts, excavation of canals, Sinking of Tube wells, etc. Financial involvement of the project cost will be around Rs.82.0963 Crores .Fund amounting Rs.65.4557 Crores has so far been released.
 

F. Major Activities:(highlights)

Total investment: for development of infrastructure, investment will be around 7400 croers which is without budgetary allotment of the State Govt. If all activities like hosing, business, commerce, IT industries, trades, Institution activist in New Town are considered total investment will be around one lac crores
Employment generation: For development of huge IT set up and other activities will be around 2.5 lacs
International Financial Hub has been set up in New town